Kanha National Park is one of the most striking national parks in the Maikal range that proves to be the most inspiring place for the creative creatures. Creatures that don't live in the jungles but have great fascinations for the jungles, the intelligent creatures, the human being, who have great alluring for the wildlife and natural bewilderment. Among those intelligent creatures, the most notable writer and novelist of 18th century Rudyard Kipling once visited this place, the place which is the perfect home to magnanimous counts of Barasingha, the Swamp Deer. And to the curiosity of many, the invention of "The Jungle Book" by Rudyard Kipling was the result of the perfect inspiration of Kanha and the nearby areas.
With tropical based climate, summers at Kanha are so rigorous to be reached up to 43° C but the central highland area of Madhya Pradesh is also uniquely being doused with heavily monsoon pours with the average rainfall of 1800 mm to make the surrounding more scenic and greenish. On the contrary, winters can be found more shivering in the dense jungles of Kanha to drop the mercury level by -2°C.
Originally a part of the Gondwanas (i.e. the land of the Gonds) in the year 1880, the Kanha Tiger Reserve (at an altitude range of 600m-870 m) was inhabited by two major tribes of Central India, the Gonds and the Baigas which is still being captured by these tribes at its outskirts and then later was entranced by two major sanctuaries, the Hallon and the Banjar sanctuaries by covering the areas of 250 sq km and 300 sq km respectively. In the year 1862, Kanha was inhibited by the forest management rules where many illegal acts were prohibited in the jungle. Further, in 1879, the area was declared as a reserve forest by extending its parts into 1949 sq km and with the introduction of "The Jungle Book", the amazing landscape of Kanha and Pench came into recognition in 1880. The history of Kanha National Park became more interesting when in the year 1933, Kanha was declared as a sanctuary after receiving notable appreciation from worldwide due to its unmatchable landscape and amazing highland beauty. Gradually, many naturalists found Kanha as the premier national park in India and in 1991 and in 2001 Kanha National Park was honored as the most tourism friendly national park in India by the Dept. of Tourism, Govt. of India.
The Kanha National Park is reckoned as the perfect habitat for large amount of herbivores and carnivores animals. Tourists can discover the abundant varieties of wildlife. It is the only location in India where the most abundant variety of Barasingha can be found and so does to call them as the "Jewel of Kanha".
Mammals : Tiger, Panther, Sambar, Barasingha, Chital, Black Buck, Barking Deer, Gaur, Langur, Wild Pig, Jackal, Chousingha, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog.
Reptiles : Python, Indian Cobra, Indian Krait, Russell's Viper, Indian Monitor, Common Rat Snake, Common Skink, Fan Throated Lizard and Indian Garden Lizard etc.
Fishes :Giant Danio, Mud Perches, Common Rasbora, Brown Snakehead and Green Snakehead.
Birds : The Reserve brings around 300 species of birds and the most commonly seen birds are the Black Ibis, Bee-eaters, Cattle Egret, Pond Heron, Drongos, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Common Teal, Grey Hornbill, Crested Serpent Eagle, Indian roller, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Little Grebes, Lesser Adjutants, Lesser Whistling Teal, Minivets, Pied Hornbill, Woodpecker, Pigeon, Paradise Flycatchers, Mynas, Red Wattled Lapwing, Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Steppe Eagle, Tickell's Flycatcher, White-eyed Buzzard, White-breasted Kingfisher, White-browed Fantail Flycatcher, Wood shrikes and more.
Kanha is articulated with three major types of forests namely:
These varieties are boasted with over 200 species of flowering plants and the major floras can be discovered here are: Sal, Saja, Lendia, Dhawa, Tendu, Palas, Bija, Mahua, Aonla, Achar and Bamboo. Apart from that many species of climbers, forbs and grass can also be found here.
Bamni Dadar - The Bamni Dadar area is very next to Kanha Tiger Reserve which is an ideal place to hang out with family and friends. This is also called the sunset point which is scenic at its best point. Visitors can find the best sunset view from this spot. This sunset point equally brings the eminent natural splendors of the reserve area. The area is also being flourished with many grazing animals like ambhar, barking deer, gaurs, and other animals to make the ambience more magical.
Kanha Museum - The Kanha Museum is yet another attraction of the park and is located inside the vicinity. The Kanha Museum could be the most suited place for the wildlife lovers to get acquainted with the topography and different interesting aspects about the park. The museum also depicts different attributes and activities of the park and the tribal culture of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Kawardha Palace - A simple three hours drive from Kanha Reserve can take the visitors to this astounding palace which was built during the year of 1936-39 by the King Dharamraj Singh. Now the area being famed as the traditional resort is being spread in eleven acres and is being adorned with beautiful Italian Marble. The other attractions near the Kawardha Palace are Mandawa mahal, Krishna Temple, Madan manjari Mahal and Bhoremdeo Temple.
Bandhavgarh National Park - Located 250 kms away from Kanha Reserve the Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is the area which is best known for the great population of tigers in India. Bandhavgarh area is also the perfect home for the rare species of white tigers, which was once the hunting reserve for the Maharaja of Rewas. One can also find the famous Bandhavgarh Fort to highlight the historic legends of the prehistoric era and to witness large number of tiger species at the fort.