Jhansi, the gateway to Bundelkand, was a stronghold of the Chandela kings but lost its importanceJhansi after the eclipse of the dynasty in the 11th century. It rose to prominence again in the 17th century under Raja Bir Singh Deo who was a close associate of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. However its great claim to fame is its fiery queen Rani Laxmibai who led forces against the British in 1857 A.D. sacrificing her life to the cause of Indian independence.
Area : 14 sq. km.
Season : August - March
Clothing : Light Cottons (Summer).
Language : Hindi, Bundeli & English.
STD Code : 0517
Barua Sagar : It is 24km away from Jhansi, here the Marathas had fought the Bundelas in 1744AD.
Parichha : It is 25km away from Jhansi, it is dam built on the Betwa river. Its reservior idle for water sports.
Todi-Fatehpur : It has a fort covering an area of 5 acres built on a hillock and surrounded by three massive stone walls.
Samthar : It is 66km away from Jhansi. Formerly called Samshergarh, it was an independent principally under the great Gujar warriors of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Hotel Parkash : This is near to the railway station . It's dilapidated but welcoming ,and the rooms are reasonable with bath-room, air-con and TV.
Hotel Veerangana : This hotel is tourism department It has dorm beds with air-con. Though a bit run-down, it's a large place and has good restaurant.
Hotel Samrat : This is pretty good value hotel. The main thing about this hotel is that the 24 hour's checkout.
Once used by the Indian army, the fort was bulit in 1613 by Maharaja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha. The British ceded the fort to the maharaja of Scindia in 1858, but later exchanged it for Gwalior in 1866. The excellent views from the ramparts. Watch out for the band of aggressive monkeys by the temples here. Just below the walls as you approach the fort is a bizarre blood-and-guts diorama of the battle in which the rani of Jhansi died.
On the road leading up to the fort is the large but the largely empty government museum. Its four galleries house an interesting collection of prehistoric tools; terracottas dating from the 4th century BC; and sculptures, costumes, and weapons from the Chandela dynasty. Other places of interest are Laxmi Tal, Gangadhar Rao ki Chhatri and Sri Kali Temple.
The former palace of Rani Lakshmibai, consisting of arched chambers around an open courtyard, was built in the 18th century. In a famous incident at the palace, British troops stormed the building through a rear stable and massacred 50 of the rani's bodyguards. The palace is now a museum containing hundreds of 9th to 12th century sculptures. The durbar hall on the 2nd floor features an original painted wood-panelled ceiling.
Air : Nearest airport is Gwalior Airport – 98 km.
Road : Jhansi, on National Highway No. 25 and 26, is linked by a good network of roads. Some major road distances are:
Agra : 221 km.
Khajuraho : 176 km.
Shivpuri : 100 km.
Lucknow : 297 km.
Delhi : 414 km.
Rail : Jhansi is well connected by an excellent railway network. There are direct trains from hansi to Banglore, Lucknow, Chennai, Pune and Varanasi.