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Flora and Fauna in Kanha National Park

From the time the park acquired the status of a National Park in 1995, rigorous preservation measures have been taken to make sure of the overall fortification of the flora and fauna in Kanha National Park. This resulted in the park acquiring the reputation of being one of the best maintained National Parks in India.

Striking Flora :

The Sal tree and a variety of species of bamboo are the most important features of Kanha's widespread flora and these species have intricate, distinctive flowering patterns. Officials have estimated that Kanha is home to more than 600 species of flowering plants. A list of 50 water plants was incorporated in the Kanha Management Plan of 1988-89.

Kanha's flora is the basis of the park's entire ecosystem. Tigers could not live here without prey, such as chital, sambar, wild boar, and barasingha. These animals, in turn, could not exist without the forage that the plant life provides them. Langurs, sloth bears, and birds depend on fruits, flowers and nectar for existence. In these and many other related examples, an ecosystem approach is the key to a more responsive, precise understanding and admiration of the park. Four chief vegetation types have been acknowledged in Kanha which include: moist deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest, valley meadow, and plateau meadow.

Glorious Fauna :

Kanha National Park is home to about 22 species of mammals. The concentration of fauna in Kanha is so high that no other wildlife reserve in India can be contest to the same. The most important among the fauna in Kanha National Park is the tiger. Kanha is just the right place to spot this big cat, wandering freely in the wilderness of the jungles. There are numerous tiger reserves in India, but nowhere can one see tigers as frequently as in Kanha tiger reserve. Though some sights are rare, but one can also spot the near-extinct hard-ground Swamp Deer (‘Barasingha’) – exclusive to the Kanha national park only. Apart from tiger, the diverse fauna in Kanha also includes other species like Leopards, Gaur, Sambar, Chausinghas, Nilgais, Sloth Bears, Barking Deer, Blackbuck, Common Langur, Gray Langurs, Wild Boars, Porcupines, Mouse Deer, Hyenas, Jackals, Wild Dogs Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Chittal and Wild Pig.

Most Commonly Seen Birds Kanha National Park: the Black Ibis, Bee-eaters, Cattle Egret, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Pond Heron, Drongos, Grey Hornbill, Indian roller, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutants, Lesser Whistling Teal, Minivets, Pied Hornbill, Woodpecker, Pigeon, Paradise Flycatchers, Mynas, Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Red Wattled Lapwing, Steppe Eagle, Tickell's Flycatcher, White-breasted Kingfisher, White-browed Fantail Flycatcher, Wood shrikes and Warblers among many others.

Chief Attractions in Kanha Include: the Indian Pitta, Greater Racket Tailed Drongo, Crested Serpent Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Golden Oriole and Black Headed Oriole, Ashy and White Bellied Drongos, Indian Cuckoo, Sirkeer Cuckoo

More patience is required to sight a White Tailed Shama - an amazing songster, Lesser Golden Backed Wood Pecker and Raptors-some are migrants. Paradise Flycatcher and the Hair Crested Drongo.
Among more fortunate sighting would be the Brown Fish Owl, Orange Headed Ground Thrush, Bronze Winged Dove.Bird lover or not, one must visit Kanha National park to soak in the peace, silence, harmony and serenity of this tranquil retreat.